The most significant reason of naming The Thunder Energies’ Directional Neutron Source a World-Class technology is its unlikeness with any other neutron sources out there for conception, operation and use. The Thunder Energies’ Directional Neutron Source operates on a completely new system, based on new mathematics, physics and chemistry (Hadronic Mathematics, Mechanics and Chemistry) verifying Einstein’s prediction that “quantum mechanics is not a complete theory ” (EPR Argument). Consequently, it’s not just an improvement of existing neutron sources but – additionally – it’s an entirely, basically new technology. Consequently, it’s not just an improvement of existing neutron sources but – additionally – Sir Dr. R. M. Santilli created an entirely new modern technology.
Studies on the new mathematics physics and chemistry verifying Einstein’s prediction were initiated by Sir Dr. Ruggero Maria Santilli
in the early 1980s at Harvard University under DOE support and continued thereafter at various international institutions. The synthesis of the neutron form the hydrogen is not permitted by quantum mechanics because the mass of the neutron is bigger than the sum of the masses of the electron and of the proton, and for other technical reasons.
Santilli achieved in the 1990s a representation of the neutron synthesis via the “completion of quantum mechanics into hadronic mechanics;…
completed the experimental verification of the existence of the neutron synthesis in the early 2000; and founded Thunder Energies Corporation in 2014 for the industrial production and sale of equipment synthesizing neutrons from the hydrogen as well as for the industrial development of other cutting edge new technologies that are solely permitted by Einstein’s vision on the “lack of completeness of quantum mechanics.
Unlike other neutron sources,…
which need massive and complex particle accelerators, radioactive materials which undergo various complex nuclear reactions to produce neutrons, The Thunder Energies’ Directional Neutron Source just uses common hydrogen (gas) injection through a special DC discharge tube. This system is much easier to operate. The neutrons emitted through the system carry low energy threshold (below 300keV) and the emitted energy is blocked (and absorbed) by walls and solid objects. (Santiili, R. M. (2019). International Journal of Applied Physics and Mathematics (2nd ed., Vol. 9). doi: 10.17706)
Hydrogen-based Directional Neutron Source reactors are widely applicable in various daily life activities especially in security maintenance, medical/engineering imaging, and mining industry. The directionality of the neutron flux is a key feature of the device and it has vast implications both in the medical industries and industrial business enterprise. Moreover, it is much more inexpensive than other reactors, neutron sources, and it is easier to operate.
Now, a neutron source is any device that emits neutrons,
irrespective of the mechanism used to produce the neutrons. Neutron sources have enormous applications in engineering, medicine, nuclear weapons, petroleum exploration, biology, chemistry, and nuclear power.
The amount of energy of neutrons emitted by the source has many variables including the rate of neutrons emitted by the source, the size of the source, the cost of owning and maintaining the source, and government regulations related to the source.
Neutrons are at the core of each and every substance present in our lives. Neutrons are the core elements of every atom, and atoms are the core particles of the universe. In this technological era, scientists are now trying understand the properties of atoms and utilizing their properties to upgrade our daily life.
Ernest Rutherford was the first who jumped into atomic chemistry.
He was head of Cambridge University’s nuclear physics lab, and he had the idea that a neutral particle was present within each atom and it doesn’t hold any charge. In 1935, he received the Nobel Prize for his paper entitled “Possible Existence of Neutron.” and his discovery. His discovery was later confirmed & supported by James Chadwick in 1932 leading to our current nuclear-centric world.
A neutron source is usually characterized by a number of factors:
- SIGNIFICANCE of the source.
- INTENSITY – The rate of neutrons emitted by the source.
- ENERGY DISTRIBUTION of emitted neutrons.
- ANGULAR DISTRIBUTION of emitted neutrons.
- MODE OF EMISSION (Continuous or pulsed operation).
Neutron sources are generally classified into several types i.e. large (Significant) neutron sources like nuclear reactors, medium neutron sources like electron accelerators and small neutron sources like neutron generators. Neutrons are produced in the fusion of deuterium and tritium. And these will be the focus of our concentration.
Detection of the Nuclear Materials:
Current Methods to detect nuclear material are very extreme. Modern methods used in the US have deployed more than 1000 pole-like structures to detect nuclear fissionable material within airports and shipping ports.
Most often, these ‘Radiation Screenings’ involve a worker who drives through a maze of radiation poles designed to detect smuggled nuclear or radiological materials. If the monitor detects any kind of radiations, a flashing light goes off ahead of the driver, indicating that the vehicle must stop at a booth a quarter-mile down the road. After that officers in the booth will look at the nuclear material and will interrogate the driver. If any anomaly is found, they will apprehend the driver and the vehicle containing that nuclear material.
The Thunder Energies’ Directional Neutron Source works on a completely new technology,
based on the latest developments in physics known as the Hadronic Mechanics. It’s not just an improvement of existing neutron sources – however, it uses commercial hydrogen forced through a special DC discharge tube. This system is much more advanced, easy to use, and doesn’t emit harmful radiation. Moreover, it emits low energy Neutrons (below 300 keV) that can be stopped by solid objects.
Very simply, the Directional Neutron Source’s energy can be controlled by adjusting pressure, position of the electrodes and spark voltage. Furthermore, the Directionality of the neutron flux can be controlled with an ordinary pump. Firstly, it ionizes the hydrogen and then separates electrons from the protons without cracking the nucleus.
The Thunder Energies’ Directional Neutron Source also has intriguing implications for nuclear physics research,…
due to it’s ability to synthesize the neutron, the negatively charged pseudoproton and the negatively charged deuterium!
“According to Santilli conception and industrial realization, the Directional Neutron Source synthesizes the neutron from from the hydrogen by first ionizing the hydrogen into electrons and protons and then compressing the electron inside the proton according to Rutherford’s 1910 conception.”
The pseudoproton is synthesized by compressing an electron inside a neutron, so it is basically a negatively charged proton (NOT a real antiproton), whose existence has been apparently confirmed. These new particles have enormous scientific and industrial implications! (Santiili, R. M. (2019). International Journal of Applied Physics and Mathematics (2nd ed., Vol. 9). doi: 10.17706)
Besides synthesizing neutrons, The Thunder Energies’ Directional Neutron Source can also synthesize, with smaller probability, some other particles which are completely new and have enormous scientific and industrial implications.
The importance of the pesudoproton is that, having a meanlife of the order of seconds (like the neutron), it permits industrial applications, such as the first study of nuclear energies without harmful radiations via the new transmutation of “light natural, stable elements” into “light natural and stable elements with smaller mass”
The pseudodeuterium can also be synthesized by the DNS,
if we fill it with a deuterium gas instead of hydrogen. The deuterium is a gas whose nuclei are composed by one proton and one neutron. If we compress two electrons inside the deuterium nucleus, we obtain a negatively charged pseudodeuterium nucleus.
A reason for the lack of achievement of the controlled nuclear fusion to date is that nuclei repel each other due to their positive charges with an extremely big Coulomb force proportional to the inverse of the square of the very small distances needed to achieve the fusion. Therefore enourmous amounts of energy are required for the two nuclei to get physically closer and allow fusion to happen.
The Thunder Energies’ Directional Neutron Source on the other end permits the study of the synthesis of “negatively charged” nuclei that, in this case, are strongly attracted (in lieu of being repelled) by natural nuclei resulting in a basically new approach to the controlled fusion.
Features of Directional Neutron Source (DNS):
The directionality of Santilli’s Directional Neutron Source (international patent pending) is a monumental achievement within the industry because said source can be used for specific purposes. It doesn’t generate energy, nor does it enrich nuclear material in atomic bombs. It is a safe way to detect fissile material and precious metals. Therefore, it can be used safely in research laboratories and even in commercial applications. Thunder Energies Directional Neutron Source fills a variety of needs in the in many industries such as; detecting nuclear and metallic material, medical and industrial imaging and scanning of large welding areas.:
* Preventing Smuggling:
Directional Neutron Source is a security solution which can easily detect nuclear material whether in vehicle, suitcases or shipping containers. Whether the material is hidden within a container or vehicle at an airport, shipping port, or even at the port of entry on a highway, they can easily detect smuggled nuclear material with the help of Directional Neutron Source.
* Mining Minerals:
Currently, there is no way for mining companies to accurately know where the minerals exist in the earth crust. So, they have to mine all the relevant areas to get to the core. However, the Thunder Energies’ Directional Neutron Source completely circumvents this dilemma within the mining industry by being able to detect the existence of minerals through Directional Neutron Source in any terrain! Through this technique, mining companies can detect precious materials in earth crust in minimal time.
* Scan large welding areas:
Directional Neutron Source also plays an important role in detecting large welding gaps in ships, military and civilian constructions, and even space rocket propulsion systems. Many ocean liners sink in rough seas because their engineers aren’t able to detect faults in a ship’s hull within time. The Directional Neutron Source helps solve that problem by indicating the welding gaps in large steel constructions.
Comparison with Other Neutron Sources
The directionality of the thunder energies’ Directional Neutron Source is a monumental achievement within the industry and the Directional Neutron Source can be used for specific purposes. It doesn’t generate energy, nor does it enrich fissile material in atomic bombs. It is a safe way to detect neutrons and precious metals. Therefore, it can be used safely in research laboratories and even in commercial applications. The Directional Neutron Source fills a variety of needs in the in many industries such as; detecting nuclear and metallic material, medical and industrial imaging and scanning of large welding areas.
Other Neutron Sources
Other neutron sources produce hazardous harmful radiation!!! Additionally, the neutron sources tend to be very large and cumbersome and have excessive costs associated with them. Also, many other neutron sources use large, complex particle accelerators, radioactive materials and/or dangerous nuclear reactions to produce neutrons!
Why Thunder Energies’ Directional Neutron Source is a World-Class innovation?
Unlike other Neutron Sources the Thunder Energies’ hydrogen-focused Directional Neutron Source reactor is a milestone and major advancement in technology – it used for security, construction, mining and medical and industrial imaging. It has vast implications for many commercial enterprises and in the laboratory settings. Moreover, it is much more affordable than other neutron sources, and far easier to operate.
You will discover the Thunder Energies’ Directional Neutron Source an is incredibly precious instrument whether you are utilizing your Thunder Energies’ Directional Neutron Source in a material science, building engineering, medical imaging or atomic weapons setting or an oil survey, physics, biology, chemistry, or an atomic power setting the Thunder Energies’ Directional Neutron Source is a very important and invaluable asset!
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View PDF Critical Issues in Detecting Smuggled Fissionable Material
IMPORTANT NOTE: Thunder Energies Corporation solely manufactures in the U.S.A. “Gas Ionization Equipment” under the verification of U. S. Federal Regulations. Said equipment is then shipped to associated nuclear [physics laboratories in Europe where it is upgraded to Directional Neutron Sources under the verification of European Regulations.